KASHMIR

KASHMIR
KASHMIR, region in S. central Asia. The association of Kashmir with Jews was first alluded to by the 11th-century Muslim   scholar Al-Bīrūnī in his "India-Book": "In former times the inhabitants of Kashmir used to allow one or two foreigners to enter their country, particularly Jews, but at present they do not allow any Hindus whom they do not know personally to enter, much less other people." In the time of the Moghul emperor Akbar (1556–1605), the question of the association of Jews with Kashmir and the Jewish descent of the Kashmiris was raised by the Jesuit Monserrate, who regarded the old inhabitants of this region as Jews by race and custom in view of their appearance, physique, style of dress, and manner of conducting trade. As early as the 17th century François Bernier, the scholar and traveler, who was in India from 1656 to 1668, was asked by Melchissedec Thevenot (1620–1692), a traveler and publisher, to discover if Jews had long been resident in Kashmir. Bernier reported that Jews had once lived here, but that they had converted to Islam. Nonetheless, as he put it: „ There are many signs of Judaism to be found in this country. On „ entering the kingdom after crossing the Pire-penjale mountains the „ inhabitants in the frontier villages struck me as resembling Jews. „ Their countenance and manner and that indescribable peculiarity which „ enables a traveler to distinguish the inhabitants of different nations „ all seemed to belong to that ancient people. You are not to ascribe „ what I say to mere fancy, the Jewish appearance of these „ villagers having been remarked by our Jesuit Fathers, and by several „ other Europeans, long before I visited Kashmir. A second sign is the „ prevalence of the name of Mousa, which means Moses, among the „ inhabitants of this city, notwithstanding they are Mahometans. A third „ is the tradition that Solomon visited this country and that it was he „ who opened a passage for the waters by cutting the mountain of „ Baramoulé. A fourth, the belief that Moses died in the city of „ Kashmir, and that his tomb is within a league of it. And a fifth may „ be found in the generally received opinion that the small and „ extremely ancient edifice seen on one of the high hills was built by „ Solomon; and it is therefore called the throne of Solomon „ to this day. The claim to be of Israelite extraction is still widespread among Kashmiris, who point to the similarity of place names which appear to reflect biblical names like Mamre, Pisgah, and Mt. Nevo. The Internet is not deficient in web pages which purport to show historical connections between India and the Jews, India and Jesus (who is said to have gone there), the identical nature of Hebrew and Sanskrit, and so forth. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: F. Bernier, Travels in the Moghul Empire, 165658, ed. by A. Constable (1891). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: T. Parfitt, The Lost Tribes of Israel: The History of a Myth (2002). (Walter Joseph Fischel / Tudor Parfitt (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kashmir — Исполнитель Led Zeppelin Альбом Physical Graffiti Дата выпуска 24 февраля 1975 года Дата записи …   Википедия

  • Kashmir — [kash′mir, kash mir′] 1. region in S Asia, between Afghanistan & Tibet: since 1846, part of Jammu and Kashmir 2. JAMMU AND KASHMIR 3. Vale of valley of the Jhelum River, in W Kashmir Kashmirian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • kashmir — /ka ʃmir/, it. / kaʃmir/ s.m. [dal nome della regione del Kashmīr, dove originariamente veniva prodotta]. (tess.) [tessuto morbido e leggero che si ricava dal pelo delle capre del Kashm¦¯r] ▶◀ cachemire …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Kashmir — from Skt. Kashypamara land of Kashyap, said to be the name of a renowned sage. Related: Kashmiri …   Etymology dictionary

  • Kashmir — m DEFINICIJA v. Kašmir …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Kashmir — This article is about the geographical region of greater Kashmir. For other meanings, see Kashmir (disambiguation), or Cashmere. Kashmir (Balti: کشمیر; Poonchi/Chibhali: کشمیر; Dogri: कश्मीर; Kashmiri: कॅशीर, کٔشِیر; Shina: کشمیر; Uyghur:… …   Wikipedia

  • Kashmir — Karte (2004) Talmarg (Indien) Kaschmir (Devanagari: कश्मीर, Kaśmīr, Kashmir) ist ein ehemaliger Fürstenstaat im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • kashmir — /kazh mear, kash /, n. cashmere. * * * Region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent. It is bounded to the northeast and east by China, to the south by India, to the west by Pakistan, and to the northwest by Afghanistan. The land is… …   Universalium

  • Kashmir — /kash mear, kazh , kash mear , kazh /, n. 1. Also, Cashmere. a former princely state in SW Asia, adjacent to India, Pakistan, Sinkiang, and Tibet: sovereignty in dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947. 2. Official name, Jammu and Kashmir.… …   Universalium

  • Kashmir —    A creation of the Hindi Dogra dynasty and of the British government of India, Kashmir comprises three separate regions of the Valley of Kashmir, predominantly Muslim and Kashmiri speaking, Jammu; predominantly Hindu speaking Dogri; and Ladakh …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”